• Lakeport USD

    Board Policy

    Maintaining Appropriate Adult-Student Interactions


    BP 4119.24/4219.34/4319.34




    The Governing Board desires to provide a positive school environment that protects the safety and well-being of district students. The Board expects all adults with whom students may interact at school or in school-related activities, including employees, independent contractors, and volunteers, to maintain the highest professional and ethical standards in their interactions with students both within and outside the educational setting. Such adults shall not engage in unlawful or inappropriate interactions with students and shall avoid boundary-blurring behaviors that undermine trust in the adult-student relationship and lead to the appearance of impropriety.


    (cf. 4119.21/4219.21/4319.21 - Professional Standards)


    Employees are prohibited from entering into or attempting to form a romantic or sexual relationship with any student or engaging in sexual harassment of a student, including sexual advances, flirtations, requests for sexual favors, inappropriate comments about a student's body or appearance, or other verbal, visual, or physical conduct of a sexual nature.


    (cf. 5145.7 - Sexual Harassment)


    Adults shall not intrude on a student's physical or emotional boundaries unless necessary in an emergency or to serve a legitimate purpose related to instruction, counseling, student health, or student or staff safety.


    Any employee who observes or has knowledge of another employee's violation of this policy shall report the information to the Superintendent or designee or appropriate agency for investigation pursuant to the applicable complaint procedures.  Other adults with knowledge of any violation of this policy are encouraged to report the violation to the Superintendent or designee. The Superintendent or designee shall protect anyone who reports a violation from retaliation. Immediate intervention shall be implemented when necessary to protect student safety or the integrity of the investigation.


    (cf. 1312.1 - Complaints Concerning District Employees)

    (cf. 1312.3 - Uniform Complaint Procedures)

    (cf. 5141.4 - Child Abuse Prevention and Reporting)


    Employees who engage in any conduct in violation of this policy, including retaliation against a person who reports the violation or participates in the complaint process, shall be subject to discipline, up to and including dismissal. Any other adult who violates this policy may be barred from school grounds and activities in accordance with law.  The Superintendent or designee may also notify law enforcement as appropriate.


    (cf. 4117.7/4317.7 - Employment Status Reports)

    (cf. 4118 - Dismissal/Suspension/Disciplinary Action)

    (cf. 4218 - Dismissal/Suspension/Disciplinary Action)


    The district's employee code of conduct addressing interactions with students shall be provided to parents/guardians at the beginning of each school year and shall be posted on school and/or district web sites.  (Education Code 44050)


    (cf. 1113 - District and School Web Sites)

    (cf. 5145.6 - Parental Notifications)


    Inappropriate Conduct


    Employees shall remain vigilant of their position of authority and not abuse it when relating with students. Examples of employee conduct that can undermine professional adult-student interactions or create the appearance of impropriety include, but are not limited to:


    1.         Initiating inappropriate physical contact


    2.         Being alone with a student outside of the view of others


    3.         Visiting a student's home or inviting a student to visit the employee's home without parent/guardian consent


    4.         Maintaining personal contact with a student that has no legitimate educational purpose, by phone, letter, electronic communications, or other means, without including the student's parent/guardian or the principal


                When communicating electronically with students, employees shall use district equipment or technological resources when available. Employees shall not communicate with students through any medium that is designed to eliminate records of the communications. The Superintendent or designee may monitor employee usage of district technology at any time without advance notice or consent.


    (cf. 4040 - Employee Use of Technology)


    5.         Creating or participating in social networking sites for communication with students, other than those created by the district, without the prior written approval of the principal or designee


    6.         Inviting or accepting requests from students, or former students who are minors, to connect on personal social networking sites (e.g., "friending" or "following" on social media), unless the site is dedicated to school business


    7.         Singling out a particular student for personal attention and friendship, including giving gifts and/or nicknames to individual students


    8.         Addressing a student in an overly familiar manner, such as by using a term of endearment


    9.         Socializing or spending time with students outside of school-sponsored events, except as participants in community activities


    10.       Sending or accompanying students on personal errands unrelated to any legitimate educational purpose


    11.       Transporting a student in a personal vehicle without prior authorization


    12.       Encouraging students to confide their personal or family problems and/or relationships


    13.       Disclosing personal, family, or other private matters to students or sharing personal secrets with students




    Legal Reference


    44030.5  Employment status reports

    44050  Employee code of conduct; employee interactions with students

    44242.5  Reports and review of alleged misconduct

    44940  Sex offenses and narcotic offenses; compulsory leave of absence

    48980  Parental notifications


    11164-11174.3  Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act


    80303  Reports of change in employment status, alleged misconduct

    80304  Notice of sexual misconduct





    adopted:  September 11, 2019            Lakeport, California